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Open Access Brief Research Report

Performance of emergency physicians utilizing a video-assisted semi-rigid fiberoptic stylet for intubation of a difficult airway in a high-fidelity simulated patient: a pilot study

Derek R Cooney1*, Norma L Cooney2, Harry Wallus1 and Susan Wojcik1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 550 East Genesee / EMSTAT Center, Syracuse, NY, 13202, USA

2 Department of Emergency Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, 750 East Adams Street, Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA

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International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2012, 5:24  doi:10.1186/1865-1380-5-24

Published: 29 May 2012

Abstract

Background

This study was designed to evaluate emergency physician success and satisfaction using a video-assisted semi-rigid fiberoptic stylet, the Clarus Video System (CVS), during a simulated difficult airway scenario.

Findings

Emergency physicians (EPs) of all levels were first shown a brief slide show and three example videos, and then given 20 min to practice intubating a mannequin using both the CVS and standard direct laryngoscopy (DL). The mannequin was then placed in a c-collar and set to simulate an apneic patient with an edematous tongue and trismus. Each EP was given up to three timed attempts with each technique. They rated their satisfaction with the CVS, usefulness for their practice, and the effectiveness of the tutorial. Direct laryngoscopy had a 65% success rate on the first attempt, 20% on the second, and 15% required three or more. The CVS had a 100% success rate with a single attempt. Average time for independent DL attempts was 43.41 s (SD = ±26.82) and 38.71 s (SD = ±34.14) with CVS. Cumulative attempt times were analyzed and compared (DL = 74.55 ± 68.40 s and CVS = 38.71 ± 34.14 s; p = 0.028). EPs rated their satisfaction with, and usefulness of, the CVS as ≥6 out of 10.

Conclusion

Emergency physicians were able to successfully intubate a simulated difficult airway model on the first attempt 100% of the time. Emergency physicians were satisfied with the CVS and felt that it would be useful in their practice.

Keywords:
Airway; Clarus Video System; difficult; Emergency; Fiberoptic; Laryngoscopy; Levitan; Optical; Shikani; Stylet; StyletScope; Video